Military Regime was the period of Brazilian politics in which military led the country.
This era was marked in the history of Brazil through the practice of various Institutional Acts that put into practice censorship, political persecution, the suppression of constitutional rights, the total lack of democracy and the repression of those who were against the military regime.
The military dictatorship in Brazil began with the military coup of March 31, 1964, resulting in the ouster of the President of the Republic, João Goulart, and taking power of Marshal Castelo Branco. This coup, characterized by characters in tune as a revolution, instituted a military dictatorship in the country, which lasted until the election of Tancredo Neves in 1985. The military at the time justified the coup on the grounds that there was a communist threat in the country.
1964 Military Coup
The 1964 Military Coup marks a series of events that occurred on March 31, 1964 in Brazil, culminating in a coup d'état on April 1, 1964. This coup ended the government of President João Goulart, also known as Jango, who had been democratically elected vice president by the Brazilian Labor Party (PTB).
Immediately after the military seizure of power, the AI-1 was established. With 11 articles, it gave the military government the power to modify the constitution, annul legislative mandates, disrupt political rights for 10 years and dismiss, make available or compulsorily retire anyone against the security of the country, the democratic regime and the probity of the public administration, besides determining indirect elections for the presidency of the Republic.
During the military regime, there was a strengthening of the central power, especially the executive, characterizing an exception regime, because the executive assigned the function of legislating, to the detriment of the other powers established by the 1946 Constitution. The High Command of the Armed Forces came to control the presidential succession, indicating a military candidate who was endorsed by the National Congress.
Freedom of speech and organization was almost nonexistent. Political parties, unions, student associations and other representative organizations of society have been suppressed or have been interfered with by the government. The media and artistic events were suppressed by censorship. The 1960s also began a period of major transformations in Brazil's economy, modernization of industry and services, concentration of income, openness to foreign capital and foreign indebtedness.