At seven years old, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva moved with his family to Santos (SP) to escape the misery of the Pernambuco backlands. Four years later, in 1956, he went to the state capital of São Paulo. There, as a child, he worked as a street vendor, shoe shine and office boy. At 15, he became an apprentice turner mechanic.
In 1970, after losing the pregnant wife of their first child, Squid began to devote himself intensely to union activity. In 1973, he married Marisa, his current wife. In 1975, he became president of the Metalworkers Union of São Bernardo do Campo and Diadema. Led the first strike of ABC workers in São Paulo in 1978, during the military regime.
In 1980, he teamed up with intellectuals and other union leaders to found the PT (Workers Party), of which he became president. The following year, he led a new metalworkers strike, was arrested and had his union mandate revoked.
He participated in the founding of the CUT (Unified Workers' Central) and, in June 1983, integrated the suprapartisan front for direct elections for the presidency of the Republic with the governors of Sao Paulo, Franco Montoro (PMDB), and Rio de Janeiro, Leonel Brizola (PDT).
Squid He was elected in 1986 as the largest constituent federal deputy in the country. He ran for president in 1989, when he was defeated in the second round by Fernando Collor de Mello, and in 1994 and 1998, when he lost to Fernando Henrique Cardoso.
In 1995, he left the PT presidency and became president of honor of the party. In 2002, he was elected president of Brazil with a record 50 million votes. He was reelected in 2006, winning, in the second round, the candidate of the Social Democracy Party (PSDB), Geraldo Alckmin.
In the presidency, the management of Squid It has followed the economic policy of its predecessor, thereby managing to move the country towards economic development. Squid It has also surprised political observers to maintain high approval ratings and popularity, unraveling the allegations of corruption that hit its closest aides in their first term.