Cleopatra is one of the best known women in human history and one of the most famous rulers of Egypt, having become known only as Cleopatra.
She has never been the sole holder of power in her homeland - in fact she has always co-ruled with a man by her side: her father, her brother (whom she would marry later), and then her son. However, in all these cases, her companions were only kings in title, she retained de facto authority.
Cleopatra was born in 69 BC in the city of Alexandria, founded by Alexander the Great in the Nile Delta and who in the centuries before Christ's birth played the role of cultural, artistic and economic metropolis of the Eastern Mediterranean.
Though Egyptian by birth, he belonged to a Macedonian dynasty that had been established in Egypt in 305 BC when the Macedonian general Ptolemy took the title of king. She was the daughter of King Ptolemy XII Auleta and Queen Cleopatra V. Despite the foreign origin of the dynasty to which she belonged, Cleopatra was the only one in her dynasty to dominate the Egyptian language.
Cleopatra was the last Queen of the Ptolemaic Dynasty who dominated Egypt after Greece invaded that country. He ascended the Egyptian throne at the age of 17 after his father's death.
He had a great concern for court luxury and vanity. She used to be adorned with gold jewelry and precious stones (diamonds, emeralds, sapphires and rubies), which she commissioned from artisans or earned from people close and familiar.
Many ancient texts claim that she was killed by a snake bite. (It remains to be known whether by a NAJA, or a VIPOR). Cobra has a more lethal poison and its sting is difficult to identify. The Viper, on the other hand, causes a grotesque swelling, and for this reason death through a viper is ruled out by scholars.
Death through the cobra's sting would avoid Cleopatra's exposure in Roman triumph, as Octavian wished. Cleopatra was confined to one of the palace rooms, and anything brought to her was inspected to prevent her suicide. But somehow she had managed to kill herself by leading one of her hands to a "jam" where a cobra would be among the fruits. When Octavian's Roman soldiers entered the queen's room, she was already dead and dressed in royal garb. Octavian can do nothing but expose to his military might a portrait of Queen Cleopatra.
Cleopatra's two twin sons were lost in history. Octavian killed Cesarius, definitely preventing any chance of political prosperity for the queen's son. Alexandria is no longer a place dedicated to knowledge, but a mere Roman province in Egypt. But Cleopatra had never been forgotten. She was the queen of ancient Egypt.
Records indicate that the combination of spirituality, determination and intelligence made Cleopatra the most famous woman in the world.