Geography

Where does the name of the oceans come from?


Atlantic

It comes from Atlas, son of Neptune, the god of the seas.

Pacific

The Spanish discoverer of the Pacific, Vasco Nuñez de Balboa, had named it the Southern Ocean. But in 1520, when the Portuguese navigator Fernão de Magalhães traveled along the South American coast, he was struck by the tranquility of the waters and named the ocean of Pacific. In fact, the day was atypical because the Pacific is more dangerous than the Atlantic.

Indian

It was named after the shores of India and Indonesia.

Arctic

Situated at the north pole, under the constellation Ursa Minor, it owes its name to the Greek word arctos, meaning bear. By geographical opposition, the ocean of the south pole is called Antarctic.